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雅思写作技巧与注意事项

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雅思写作技巧与注意事项(1)--小作文
雅思技巧与注意事项 (写作---小作文)个人总结分析1。试卷发下后,请花半分钟的时间来浏览作文的题目,这里包括议论文在内。2。此后,请看第一部分的题目,明确以下几点1)属于什么题型的图表,是一个曲线图,一个饼图,一表格,一个流程图还是一个物体以及其他类型的图表2) 是一幅图还是两幅或者是以上的图3)时间、字数以及其他的要求3。用5分钟的时间分析并形成以下的内容1)注意不同类型图表的技巧(包括时态、语态、关键描述词语与句型)2)划出并分析题目中的关键内容,分析图表中的关键特征点(依据各种图表的特点来决定)3)考虑结构(开头引言,描述特征,可能总结)注意以下开头不能与文章已经给出的东西一样,用自己语言表达;描述关键以及有代表性的点或者是趋势;在语法与句法正确的基础上,力求用不同的句型组合(如简单句,复合句,定语/表语/宾语/非谓语从句),用近意词语;正确表达文章所给信息;在可能的情况下做简单的总结;不要发表有个人或者是评论性的句子;标点符号,单词的拼写应该正确;4。书写的时候注意流利与工整,采用现代式的书写格式5。留有时间检查,保持卷面的整洁技巧性套句(仅供参考)开头句型(用简单的句子给出尽可能多的信息WHEN,WHAT,WHERE,有特色。)一般有两种,一种是主动一种是被动。1)The chart/graph/table/diagram/process (show,reveal,illustrate,demonstrate,depict,describe,indicate) 2)According to/As can be seen from/As shown in/It is clear/apparent from/It can be seen from结尾句型(如果没有可以充分说的,可以不用结尾。结尾不要节外生枝。最好不要出现很明显有结尾特征的词语“in conclusion”)中间关键句型————☆要注意认真审查题目,弄清楚要描述的数据究竟代表什么,单位是什么,用什么方式表达。OBJECT (描述物体)注意点:要明确以一定的顺序来写。从左到右或者是从上到下,从内到外(根据物体自己的特点)等等。把题目中给出的部件详细描述。(如202的自行车)句型:介绍功能 The illustration is of a _______ which is designed to (do something)↓说明构成部分 A ______ is made up of /consists of/comprises How many ?A number of parts/sections↓描述各个部件功能 不要用you ,one 可以用 we, the operator (单数个体) First , (the cyclist) puts his or her _____on the ____要有一定的顺序,不要将每个部分单独写出,应该将能够合并的一起结合,注意用以下句型(被动态,定语从句,非谓语动词)要用关联词PIE CHART (饼图)注意点:1)文字中要表达出总量与分量的关系,在两个以上的PIE中,要注意各个PIE间的比较2)数据究竟代表什么应清楚语言点:1)percentage / proportion2) (v.) make up/ constitute / account for 3) ①the biggest difference between 2 group(A+B) is in …,where A makes up 5% while B constitutes 67%the highest percentage of A, which was approximately 12%②the percentage of A in …..is more than twice that of B,the ratio is 67% to 45%($% compared to $%)③ in…,while a greater percentage of A than B are found in……. (the former is $% and the latter is $%)④there are more A in……,reaching $%,compared with $% of B⑤A , which used to be the……..,has become less important, which declined(increased) sharply from $% in 1978 to only $% in 1998.⑥The biggest loss was to某区域.The biggest gains in A were made by 某区域.FLOW CHART (曲线图)注意点:1)抓住“变化”和“趋势”2)有两种情况其一是在不同时间段内的数据比较,另外是单独数据的全程描述。前者适合于数据代表的物体较少且时间界限明确的情况下,后者适合于描述数据对象很多且时间划定不清晰。当然依据考试中的题目来决定。语言点:1)变化状态幅度词(要依据描述的情况决定)轻微-----slightly, slowly(速度), steadily(平缓) 逐渐----gradually 显著-----significantly , markedly 急剧-----rapidly , dramatically , abruptly ,sharply 突然---suddenly 趋势---trend inclination tendacy2)变量幅度词语★ 增加-----increase, jump ,go up ,rise, climb , ascend , level up ,surge,★ 减少----decrease, drop ,go down ,fall,---- , descend, level down , ★ 水平----keep/stay/remain/maintain stable ,----steady ,be similar to ,there is little/hardly any/no change★ 最高-----reach a highest point/the top/the summit/the peak/the most/peak in,at★ 最低-----reach a lowest point/the bottom//rock/hit a trough /bottom out★ 交叉-----correspond with in ----year; --- crossing the line for -----3) 时间幅度词语During the period 1970—1999 ; From 1970 to 1999 ; Since the early 1970s ;In 1970------then in 1980-----ten years later 4)基本句型There was变化趋势in the number of A from 1986-1990(over next…..yeas) ,which was followed by 变化趋势and then变化趋势 until 1998 when there was变化趋势 for the next ….yearsFrom 1990 onwards, there was变化趋势 in the number of A which then 变化趋势 at $% in 1994.In 1990,the number reached (was) $%,but 30 years later there was变化趋势.After 变化趋势 from…to …,A begin 变化趋势 over the next….years.The number of …increased rapidly from 1988 to 1990 during the five-year period〓There was a rapid increase from 1988 to 1990 during the five-year periodA has almost/nearly/about/over a quarter/half/twice/one third /as many students as/as much money as /B; A has about/approximately/exactly/precisely the same number/proportion/amount of students/money as…..It has reached something of a plateau,X percent/an average of X percent in the past few years in 1998.in the 3 years spanning from 1995 through 1998...the percentage of...is sightly larger/smaller than that of.....the graphs show a threefold increase in the number of.....decreased year by year while...in
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